Early Growth and Development
At 2y of age children in low-income countries are approximately 2 standard deviations (SD) below the international healthy norm in both weight and height. The period from conception to 24m – now coined the ‘first 1000 days’ (www.thousanddays.org) – has thus been identified as the ‘optimal window of opportunity’ within which growth- and development-promoting nutritional interventions should be focused. Within this theme, we aim to understand the mechanisms contributing towards poor growth and development during early-life, conduct early proof-of-concept intervention studies, and generate robust data to guide programmes and policy aimed at optimising healthy growth during this critical period early in life.
Sub-themes of research:
- Early nutrition and optimal fetal and infant growth
- Early nutrition and immune development
- Early nutrition and brain development