Calcium, vitamin D and bone health
Osteoporosis, stunting and rickets are major public health concerns world-wide. Internationally, more than 2 million hip fractures occur annually and this is projected to increase four-fold by 2050. Stunting affects millions of children around the world, with implications for the health of individuals and for national economies. Rickets, a debilitating disease of children, is a problem in many countries.
The aim of the Nutrition and Bone Health Programme is to identify the role of nutrition and lifestyle in the optimisation of bone health and the reduction of osteoporosis and rickets risk within the wider context of nutrition policy for calcium and vitamin D in developed and developing countries. The goal is to promote public health by investigating the role of nutrition and other factors in the optimisation of bone health and the prevention of fragility fractures and rickets.
Selected ongoing studies:
- The Bakary Dibba Study (BDS): Effect of calcium supplementation on growth and bone mineral accretion in Gambian children accustomed to a low calcium diet
- Calcium requirements of pregnant women in The Gambia
- Gambian Bone Ageing Study (GamBAS)
- Aetiology of Gambian rickets
- The day and night profile of calcium and phosphate metabolism in older Gambian adults
- Vitamin D turnover studies
- The effect of nutritional supplementation in pregnancy on the bone health, body composition and nutrient intake of mother and child: ENID-Bone